STUDY IN SLOVENIA
EDUCATION SYSTEM IN SLOVENIA
Education in Slovenia
From primary to secondary schooling and the role of the National Education Institute of the Republic of Slovenia (ZRSŠ) in regulating education programmes, delivery and development. The Slovenian school system has seen a number of changes in recent years, aiming to ensure that as many people as possible realise their right to education, better than before, thus achieving a higher educational level. The education system in Slovenia is almost fully financed from the state budget; a small share of the finance is also contributed from municipal budgets. The educational profile of Slovenia's population is improving. The best educated are those employed in the area of education and public administration, while the unemployed are still less educated than those in employment. More than 17% of persons aged 25 to 64 were in some form of education or training in 2005.98% of primary school leavers decide to continue their education, and 84% of secondary school leavers go on to tertiary education. The number of students has more than doubled since 1991. The share of higher education students per thousand inhabitants has risen from 19.1% in 1991 to 41.1% in 2005. Private (single) higher education institutions can be established as universities or single faculties, art academies and professional colleges. Slovenian or foreign natural or legal entities can establish higher education institutions.
In Slovenia, primary and lower secondary education are on a continuum that lasts for 8 years. For the first 4 years, children remain in one classroom with a master teacher. In year 5 they begin switching classrooms, as their base curriculum of native language, mathematics, a foreign language, physical educations and arts, expands to include 2 specialties in 1 each of physics, geography, chemistry, history, biology housekeeping and craft. This completes the cycle of compulsory education.
There are 3 possibilities to follow at secondary school level. Vocational education lasts 2.5 years leading directly to the labor market. Technical education programs in different themes last for 4, as do the general education courses that lead on to international baccalaureate and perhaps university too.
European Union membership and increasing globalization are new challenges that Slovenia's vocational education training structures must face. Key strategies include improving the quality of trainers, the roles of social partners, and systems for quality control and guidance.
Post-secondary technical training takes place at higher vocational colleges, where 2-year programs culminate with a diploma thesis and its defense. There are a variety of universities too, of which the oldest, the University of Ljubljana was founded in 1919 and now has in excess of 65,000 students.
It now boasts 23 faculties and 3 academies distributed throughout the urban area, and is regarded as a pillar of academic stability that successfully survived the military and political turmoil of the 20th Century.